[12] Communities along coastal Louisiana near the point of landfall were completely destroyed,[3] with 4,500 homes considered destroyed or irreparably damaged and another 100,000 sustaining varying degrees of lesser damage. [10] Hurricane warnings were later extended westward to High Island, Texas by June 27. “Texas Hurricane History.” National Weather Service. In Cameron, Louisiana, the only structure to survive the hurricane was the town’s courthouse. The rough seas killed nine people offshore after capsizing the boat they were in. This storm struck Louisiana and Texas, killing more than 500.This hurricane was a very powerful category 3 on the Saffir-Simpson scale. [42] In nearby Orange, homes were damaged by falling trees felled by strong winds. The monetary cost of Audrey's damage in Texas totaled $8 million,[31] with a conservative estimate of $1.5 million for Orange County alone. Roth, David. [48] Beach erosion caused by rough surf stripped away as much as 90 m (300 ft) of beach. [31][50], Audrey produced severe weather, including 19 tornadoes, in its rainbands as it moved inland. This acceleration was accompanied by great intensification as the hurricane approached the U.S. coast. The earliest major hurricane (category 3 or greater) to strike the nation occurred in 1957, when Hurricane Audrey made landfall at category 3 intensity on June 27. [16] A gust was clocked at 105 mph (169 km/h) in Sulphur before the anemometer blew away,[8] though the highest sustained wind at an official observation site was 96 mph (154 km/h) at Lake Charles Air Force Base. [13] Due to the threat of inundation of the bridge over Rollover Pass, 270 beach houses and other homes on the lower end of the Bolivar Peninsula were evacuated, with evacuees staying at either nearby Fort Travis or Port Bolivar. [13] Loss of crops in Mississippi totaled $2 million with corn, cotton, hay, and unharvested oats heavily damaged. Hurricane wind gusts were experienced as far inland as Choctaw County, AL during the early morning hours of September 13. 7: Hurricane Audrey (1957) Another major storm hit Texas and Louisiana in 1957 as a Category 4 storm. In the morning hours of June 27, 1957, Hurricane Audrey sent a 12-foot (3.7-m) storm surge over Cameron, Louisiana, as the storm lashed the area with 125 mph (205 km/hr) winds. It was the second major hurricane to hit the bustling Gulf Coast town of Indianola, Texas, in 11 years. [33] The oil barge Pemrod broke from its mooring, leaving it adrift in Sabine Lake. For everyone Audrey touched that day, it changed their lives forever. [66] Another F2 tornado destroyed a grocery store and several large buildings in Clara. Most residents thought that the storm would make landfall later the next day and so did not evacuate in time. [9] The first bulletin on Audrey was issued by the Weather Bureau office in New Orleans, Louisiana, at 04:30 UTC on June 25 (11:30 p.m. CST June 24), while Audrey was still a tropical depression in the Bay of Campeche. [86], A major hurricane is a tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of at least 111 mph (179 km/h), or a Category 3 or higher on the, Gulfport Combat Readiness Training Center, United States District Court for the Western District of Louisiana, United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "The Weather and Circulation of June 1957", 10.1175/1520-0493(1957)085<0208:TWACOJ>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1957)085<0221:HA>2.0.CO;2, "1957 Atlantic Hurricane Database Reanalysis", "First Hurricane Heads for Louisiana and Texas", "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", "Storm Audrey is Born in Gulf, Aims at Texas", 10.1175/1520-0493(1957)085<0401:THSO>2.0.CO;2, "First Hurricane Now is Threat to New Orleans", "Hurricane Audrey to Hit Louisiana Thursday", "Storm Toll May Be in 'Thousands'; 100 Dead; Louisiana Hit Hard", "Storm Warnings Ended on State's Coast Area", "Tropical Cyclone Naming History and Retired Names", "Interview with Robert H. Simpson, September 6 & 9, 1989", The Deadliest, Costliest, and Most Intense United States Tropical Cyclones from 1851 to 2010 (and Other Frequently Requested Hurricane Facts), "Pensacola Boat Down at Sea; Audrey Veers Toward Texas", "Tides 3 Ft. [3][54] An F2 tornado struck Southern Greenville, damaging or destroying 60 buildings including some of the facilities at Lomax-Hannon Junior College; damage from that tornado alone was estimated to be as high as $300,000. [54] Flash flooding in central Indiana led to the closure of 17 highways. [18] The United States Air Force and United States Navy evacuated 115 North American T-28 Trojans from Naval Outlying Landing Field Barin in Alabama to Barksdale Air Force Base. Rita dealt a … Small coastal craft from Brownsville, Texas, to Panama City, Florida, were advised to remain in port. [12], In total, approximately 75,000 people evacuated from low-lying areas on the United States Gulf Coast in advance of Audrey. At the same time, northwest storm warnings were issued for the Texas coast east of Galveston, while southeast storm warnings were issued for the U.S. Gulf Coast between Louisiana and Pensacola, Florida. It affected the states of Idaho, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Tennessee and West Virginia. The hurricane … Hurricane Audrey was one of the deadliest tropical cyclones in U.S. history, killing at least 416 people in its devastation of the southwestern Louisiana coast in 1957. Pp 48. The hurricane's strong winds resulted in widespread property and infrastructural damage. Making landfall at 8 a.m. on June 27, 1957, Hurricane Audrey took 500 lives, sent some 50,000 people in search of food, water and shelter, and left the region reeling from an estimated $150 million in damage. Prior to making landfall, Audrey severely disrupted offshore drilling operations in the Gulf of Mexico. On 26 June, as the storm began moving northward at a slow 8 km/h (5 mph), the precipitation field grew and it further intensified into a Category 2 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale with winds of 169 km/h (105 mph). Hurricane Audrey (1957) Storm Track & Details. Flooding occurred through the region, with the heaviest in Illinois and Indiana. [82] Whitney's claim was two-pronged, with the first point alleging that the Weather Bureau was negligent in their warnings, and the second alleging that despite experiencing the full brunt of the storm, Weather Bureau advisories advising the evacuation of those at lower elevations did not implicate him; Whitney sought $360,000 in damages from the federal government. [16] At Port Isabel, tides swelled 2.5 ft (0.76 m) above normal as Audrey passed to the east, though coastal flooding remained minimal. $150-$200 million. Audrey was an unusual June storm. [56] Audrey also spawned two tornadoes in Louisiana: the first was an F0 tornado east of Seabrook (New Orleans East) while the other one was an F1 tornado that damaged several homes near Arnaudville. Five deaths were directly attributable to the storm. [50] The highest rainfall associated with Audrey fell in Louisiana, where 10.63 in (270 mm) were recorded just west of Basille; most of the heaviest rainfall occurred east of Audrey's center of circulation. A powerful hurricane, Audrey caused catastrophic damage across eastern Texas and western Louisiana. [61][59] Three tornadoes struck in the vicinity of Evergreen, Alabama, damaging several homes;[59][57] one of the tornadoes was an F2 tornado that tracked 23.2 mi (37.3 km) and was 440 yd (400 m) wide, making it both the longest-tracked and widest tornado caused by Hurricane Audrey. The last one was Hurricane Rita in 2005. Hurricane Audrey killed 425 people, 154 of whom were under the age of 9. The American Red Cross opened fifteen shelters in Port Arthur which eventually housed 5,000. [54] Across Tennessee, property or crop damage associated with strong winds was reported in eleven counties, with property damage mostly being inflicted on roofs, trees, power lines, TV antennas, and other minor structures; one death and three injuries were linked to these winds. [42] Most roofs on the peninsula sustained substantial damage. [50] In Cameron and Grand Chenier, Audrey destroyed or displaced 60–80% of homes,[3] while between 90–95% of all buildings overall in Cameron and nearby Vermilion Parish were irreparably damaged. Cameron was the first town to be hit by Hurricane Audrey Thursday morning. After investigating the extent of the surge, the NHRP concluded that despite the abundant availability of storm tide observations, a lack of inland information prevented a detailed reconstruction of Audrey's surge; such data would help inform local emergency decisions and improve surge forecasting. [21] Red Cross shelters in Lake Charles, Louisiana housed 19,000 refugees and issued food rations to 30,000 people. One boy drowned and a firefighter died due to the storm, while three other people died in Ontario due to traffic accidents. [31] Another person drowned in the rough surf off the Texas coast. Two women drowned after a bus was swept off one highway near Indianapolis, Indiana, where over 3 in (76 mm) of rain quickly fell. At a Glance. The case was dismissed on the grounds that the claim was barred by the discretionary function and misrepresentation exception in the Federal Tort Claims Act as the Weather Bureau's warnings were based on subjective judgements and errors were unintentional;[82] thus, Hunter ruled that Whitney had failed to establish negligence on the part of the Weather Bureau. Clumps of salt hay (Spartina patens) were brought as far as 8 km (5.0 mi) inland. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. [79], The destruction wrought by Audrey on Cameron, Louisiana, was credited as contributing to the successful evacuation of Cameron Parish in advance of Hurricane Carla four years later, with the parish having a higher evacuation rate (96%) than any other location surveyed in the aftermath of Carla despite being at the edge of the warning area; however, the relevance of the so-called "Audrey effect" in the Carla evacuations is disputed. A well-defined tropical storm quickly formed in the Bay of Campeche on the 24th. [3] Tides exceeded 12 ft (3.7 m) for a 24 mi (39 km) stretch of the Louisiana coastline,[8] peaking at 12.4 ft (3.8 m) just west of Cameron. [62] Gusts in the state peaked at 71 mph (114 km/h) in Birmingham, Alabama, and wind damage alone caused $200,000 in damage in the state. [19][35] Several boats in Galveston Harbor were sunk. It moved slowly northward as it became a tropical storm and a hurricane the next day. Over 1.6 million acres, up to 40 km (25 mi) inland, were flooded by the combined storm surge and river flooding. Praesent eget mauris vitae purus aliquet pretium. Web. The Coast Guard also dispatched a cutter from New Orleans with medical supplies for affected regions. In the United States, Audrey killed at least 416 people, the majority of whom were in Cameron Parish, Louisiana, though the final death total may never be known. Weather Underground. [12] In Cameron, tides peaked at 10.6 ft (3.2 m) above mean sea level, with some waves reaching as high as 10 ft (3.0 m) atop the high water. [77] One arc of mud deposited on the coast measured 11,350 ft (3,460 m) in length and 1,000 ft (300 m) in width. [38] Two oil barges spanning 105 ft (32 m) were moved 2.5 mi (4.0 km) inland north of Gilchrist, Texas. Nearly every square inch of the coastline in that area was flooded heavily once again, with floodwaters reaching as far north as Lake Charles. [44] On the southern end of the Bolivar Peninsula, the effects of Audrey in Port Bolivar were limited to lost shingles. [54], A total of ten lives were lost in Illinois, Indiana, and New York due to heavy rains and strong winds brought by squalls in Audrey's extratropical remnants. Shel Hershorn/Getty Images Show More Show Less 11 of … [24][25] The warnings advised the evacuation of "low or exposed areas," but many inland residents at an elevation of 7–8 ft (2.1–2.4 m) did not consider themselves to be at a low elevation. Show More Show Less 32 of 78 "As hurricanes go, Audrey would not … When Dorian hit the Abacos Islands in the north of the Bahamas on 1 September, sustained winds reached 185mph (298km/h). [29], Rescue parties from the United States Coast Guard were quickly dispatched for the Cameron area in search for survivors. At a Glance. 1957: An elderly woman in an apron and bonnet stands in front of a house, which was hit by a boat when Hurricane Audrey struck Louisiana. [19] A public shelter program was established for Louisiana evacuees by the state civil defense, invoking National Guard equipment and personnel;[11] all civil defense groups in the state were ordered to place key men on 24-hour duty. [73] Another three drowned in Indiana, in addition to the inundation of over 1,000 homes and 125 businesses. Hurricane Audrey, 1957: Flooding an area of 1.6 million acres, Audrey is believed to have killed over 400 people in Louisiana, making it the sixth deadliest hurricane in U.S. history. Hurricane Audrey hit Cameron, Louisiana during the evening of June 27, 1957 as a Category 4 storm. “Hurricane Audrey (06/25 – 06/29).” 1957 Storm Archive. After moving inland and transitioning into an extratropical cyclone, Audrey caused additional damage across the interior United States. [54][58] The Brooksville tornado also destroyed a Kraft Singles plant in the western side of the city and hospitalized six people, with another four suffering minor injuries; damage from that tornado was estimated between $100,000–$300,000. [58] Another F2 tornado near Evergreen also swept up fish and crayfish, causing them to fall from the sky. Texas. As it moved towards the northeast, moisture associated with the extratropical remnants of Audrey intersected with a cold front over the Midwest, producing record rainfall that peaked at 10.20 in (259.08 mm) in Paris, Illinois. Damage totaled $147 million in the country, at the time the fifth-costliest hurricane recorded in the US since 1900. Situated within ideal conditions for tropical development, Audrey quickly strengthened, reaching hurricane status a day afterwards. With an estimate of 600 lives lost, Hurricane Audrey would be the sixth deadliest hurricane in United States history, as of the close of the 2009 season. Nov 1, 2015 - "As hurricanes go, Audrey would not be listed among the most costly, but for the Acadians of Cameron, Calcasieu and Vermillion parishes, she would be both. Facts. Hurricane Hilda was an intense tropical cyclone that ravaged areas of the United States Gulf Coast, particularly Louisiana.In addition to its damage inland, the hurricane greatly disrupted offshore oil production, and at its time was the costliest tropical cyclone for Louisiana's offshore oil production. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Further inland in Louisiana, the storm spawned two tornadoes, causing additional damage. Audrey, classified as a hurricane made landfall on June 27, 1957. Moving north, it continued to strengthen and accelerate as it approached the United States Gulf Coast. Hurricane Andrea was an extremely unusual and powerful Atlantic cyclone that attained winds of 180 mph in February. Updated November 11, 2019 by Pati Threatt. During a Wednesday news conference, Louisiana Gov. Railroad losses alone accounted for $1.2 million of the $2.45 million in damage wrought by Audrey in Indiana. 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