Your argument will be much stronger if you present opposing viewpoints in a sympathetic light. Check the headlines of a newspaper, or just listen to a conversation at Starbucks. When researching the topic, then, don’t limit yourself to sympathetic sources; find sources that disagree with your argument. However, writers may neglect the next step, which is just as important: discussing opposing viewpoints and providing counterarguments. But this actually weakens the writer’s argument. An argument is a written or spoken form of defense. How to write a get to know me essay, quotation marks in essays case study on hospital design physics topics for essays. Consider and counter opposing viewpoints in order to strengthen your own argument. This type of essay calls for extensive research of literature and, at times, empirical research through surveys and interviews. The persuasive essay follows the basic essay format as displayed in the example. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); When you consider and counteract opposing arguments, you strengthen your own argument. Alternate back and forth between your argument and opposing points. You are conceding that the opposing argument is not completely false. Here, you acknowledge each objection as it’s likely to arise in the reader’s mind. What Is an Argumentative Essay? He has placed this objection just after his claim that all people should be given the opportunity for redemption, because he knows that that’s the claim that is most likely to ignite this counterargument in the reader’s mind. Clearly, in the second example, the writer has considered this issue from the students’ perspective, and has attempted to find a solution that takes their concerns into account. Compare the following examples: “Students claim that they cheat on tests because they are too busy to study. Argumentative essay
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2. Some writers make the mistake of introducing a weak or silly opposition to make it easier to refute. This can be a helpful audience to keep in mind when writing your paper. Rather than addressing every possible objection to your thesis, you may decide at this point to eliminate the lesser objections, so as not to overload the paper with counterarguments. The final difference between the argumentative essay and the argument (persuasive) essay is the organization of the composition. You could phrase it as a statement, as opposed to a question. An argumentative essay is quite similar to a persuasive essay, as it's designed to convince the reader of your point of view. There is far less satisfaction in making a convincing argument if objections are left unanswered and evidence is swept under the rug. While it is true that keeping schools open throughout the year may cost more, the higher costs could be subsidized by making the buildings available for community rental to offset those costs. When students are writing an argumentative essay, they need to acknowledge the valid points of the opposing argument, otherwise writers sound narrow-minded and thereby less effective. To allow for a certain amount of flexibility concerning your final position, you won’t just use this essay to attack counterarguments. For example, to begin discussing the legalization of physician aid-in-dying with an audience that may be initially averse to the idea, you might begin with something like this: “The impending death of a loved one, particularly a person who can no longer communicate for herself, can pose intense ethical and emotional questions for those designated to make medical decisions for the patient. In the argumentative essay, you stick to the one side, but you can ignore the opposite side of the argument. You can quote an expert in the field who has publicly objected to the your thesis. In your essay, you will need to state and refute these opposing views to give more credence to your argument. Persuasive writing is a fixture of modern life—found in advertising, newspaper editorials, blogs, and political speeches. There are several ways to introduce to your reader the counterarguments you’ve uncovered: quoting a source for the counterargument, paraphrasing a source, or using your own words to offer a rhetorical example or conditional statement. Whichever way you choose to bring the counterargument into the discussion, however, you’ll want to use neutral language. In reality, students can find the time to study if they learn time-management skills.”, “Students face many time constraints: between work and family obligations, social responsibilities, sports, clubs, and the expectations of professors, who all think their class should be the top priority, students can have trouble finding time to study for all of their tests. An academic argument supports its claim with sound reasoning, research, and evidence such as facts, statistics, and quoted opinions from authorities on both sides of the argument. The Process of Argumentative Essay Writing. Neutral language is not emotionally charged, biased, or polemical. What evidence do they look at? The main purpose of an argumentative essay is to inform rather than convince – that’s why this type of paper should not be confused with a persuasive essay. “Of course, there is a point to be made that nuclear energy creates less pollution than using coal or oil.”. The violation of a nation’s territorial integrity, its safety and well-being, cannot be tolerated.’ Let’s look at each of these concerns in turn.”. Get a verified writer to help you with Opposing Viewpoints Essay. Are they against your entire argument, or only against a few points? Just as a criminal trial is ostensibly about finding out the truth of what happened during the crime, consider that the aim of your paper is to get to the truth of the issue you’re addressing. The second example presents the argument more sympathetically and realistically. They actually don’t know which side they’ll be arguing until the debate begins, and so they must be just as prepared to argue the side they don’t agree with as the one they believe in. Find sources for topics and topics that are controversial. University Library Be in your reader’s mind. Objection! A skeptical reader has a doubtful, questioning attitude, and expects a thorough presentation of logical reasoning and evidence. Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through female … A reader might want to verify what you quote here and also see if you’ve manipulated the context in any way. Now that there is a clear statement of opposition, it’s your turn to rebut, or reinforce your point – that schools should move to a year round curriculum because students lose much of the previous year’s information and must be re-taught. 2011 statement for those essay and their management, 2010 essay will write the presidential race, followed by e. To instructor: a goodargumentative essay must try to counteract an online color codes each essay prompt tba. HIRE verified writer $35.80 for a 2-page paper Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. What is a bridge sentence in an essay, how to write a persuasive essay on romeo and juliet. The approach here is, “I know what you’re thinking, but hang in there, and you’ll see where I’m coming from.”. Our writers have a lot of experience with academic papers and know how to write Opposing Viewpoints In Argumentative Essays them without plagiarism. Gardening essay writing opposing essay viewpoints Writing how to write a case study report in social work! As you can see, a lot of thought and planning must go into building your argument and considering how the opposition may disagree with you. When we’re passionate about a topic, emotions can sometimes cloud our rationality. And even if your reader agrees with your thesis, she may be turned off completely by the lack of respect for other readers. As you’re researching, spend some time putting in search terms as if you were arguing for the opposition. A very common method for writing an argumentative essay is the five-paragraph approach. Paraphrasing is a similar approach but allows you to contextualize the comment. Put yourself in the other side’s shoes. For example: “Opponents of the Animal Welfare Act claimed that the use of animal subjects in drug testing was absolutely necessary to save human lives.”. An argument should take a stance about a particular point of view, thesis, or claim. For example: “Raymond Rodriguez, arguing in ‘The Social Contract’ (Summer, 1992) for closing the Mexican border to immigration, suggests that ‘Regulating immigration is as important as enacting agreements to control trade and pollution of the environment—and for many of the same reasons. This is not only respectful, but also a great opportunity to drive home your own points to re-emphasize your argument. Colorful language, appeals to emotion, and rhetorical devices hold little weight against a clearly fleshed-out position supported by appropriate examples and solid evidence offered by reputable sources. Facebook. Essay Writing Blog; Follow. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window). Examples of Argumentative Language Below are examples of signposts that are used in argumentative essays. After you present the likely objections to your argument, you can show your readers why they should be willing to take your side. If you fail to neutralize a common objection, readers will have an excuse to reject your argument. You’ll just need to use this technique with caution and care. When writing an argument essay, you’re writing in support of one side of an argument. If you have a refutation that simply repeats one of your claims, see if you can find a different way to refute the opposing argument. In the revision stage, you’ll want to look at the balance of the paper. An advantage of using quotations is that you are allowing the opposition to speak for itself. When researching the topic, then, don’t limit yourself to sympathetic sources; find sources that disagree with your argument. (A reader might be wondering, “Did he really just compare immigrants to pollution?) Coming across as disrespectful or failing to take the opposition seriously is a sure way to make your own argument seem weak. Modify language to be neutral in tone when presenting a counterargument. Researchers at Chimi-Changa Education Labs have done extensive studies focusing on the effectiveness of year-round schools, and their conclusions show an increase in learning in all areas of study. Paper Topics and Opposing Viewpoints Topics to Consider Search this Guide Search. In order to strengthen your own argument and demonstrate that you’ve looked at all aspects of the topic, you need to address the opposing view. This is called a concession. What life experiences might lead them to disagree with your point of view? As you look over a list of topics, find one that really piques your interest, as you'll be more successful if you're passionate about your topic. You’ve presented his words respectfully, however, allowing them to speak for themselves. A conditional statement (if x, then y) gives the reader’s objections a voice in the context of the writer’s argument, “If all people suddenly became vegan in order to save the planet, would that create an overpopulation of livestock that would then do even more damage to the planet?”. “While job creation programs may indeed increase the nation’s short-term financial burden, the strategy of putting people back to work has consistently been proven to create a stronger economic and social fabric in the long run.” Concluding statements are not simply restatements of the claim but actual comparisons of the two approaches with a conclusion as to why one argument is superior. Why is yours the stronger one? You can boost your credibility by acknowledging specific sources who disagree with your position, then effectively refuting their arguments. Outline the process for refuting an argument. Take note of their rationale and use of evidence. Then, when you begin structuring your argument, imagine how your skeptical reader might react to your thesis statement and each of your claims. The writer supports his position with facts, logical reasoning and examples. You can go on to explain exactly why Smith’s opinion is naive—but make sure you give it a fair shot first. Finding Ideas to Write About. Beginning your search can be as simple as putting the question into a search engine: “Why would anyone oppose hate-crime legislation?”. It's possible that you, too, are so dashing and your argume… Try to persuade this reader; work hard to demonstrate why your position is more convincing than the alternatives. That way, you will be familiar enough with these opposing viewpoints to argue against them. You can boost your credibility by acknowledging specific sources who disagree with your position. You’ll want to present counterarguments to your thesis in ways that respect those who disagree. You will want to resist the temptation to skew the comment’s meaning or to editorialize! You can introduce counterarguments with direct quotations from an opposing expert by paraphrasing, by offering a rhetorical example, or by offering a conditional statement. Just as with your own argument, you’ll want to find the best thinkers on the opposing side of the argument. An argument must, by definition, take a stance on an issue and provide evidence for a particular conclusion. To move yourself out of this emotional realm and back into the realm of the well-reasoned argument, try taking a strategy from debate tournaments. How do they interpret that evidence? Instead, you will take this opposing position, supporting these claims. As you compose an argument essay, you must anticipate your audience’s objections. The strongest arguments are those which carefully consider all perspectives in an attempt to find the most reasonable view of the issue. Note the highlighted transitional cue word, “However.” This is a cue word that indicates that you are now stating your rebuttal, or disagreement with the opposition. During the research phase, you’ll want to have a respectful vision of both these people in your mind to build an argument that might help increase the understanding of where the other is coming from. You’ve introduced two valid viewpoints. Jul 25, opposing viewpoint. Don’t dismiss your opposition from the outset with language like this: “John Smith naively argues…” Instead, you could say, “John Smith contends,” and then summarize John Smith’s view. The best way to counteract an opposing viewpoint is to anticipate what an opponent might say. Opposing Viewpoints Essay Example In fact, the whole thrust of the “choice” argument admits this and seeks to sideline Americans’ moral qualms by telling Americans that, even if it is a human life, the most that can be done is to persuade women not to have abortions. Overall, the process of argumentative essay writing is quite similar to that of writing other essays, but there are some specifics to consider. And the last sentence tells the reader you will deal with each of the concerns—violation of territorial integrity, safety, and well-being—in your refutation. Signposts enable the reader to follow our arguments easily. But this actually weakens the writer’s argument.… Here are some examples of neutral verbs you can use to introduce another author’s opposing view: “contends,” “argues,” “suggests,” “admits,” “claims,” “believes.”. Some writers make the mistake of introducing a weak or silly opposition to make it easier to refute. “The students we have tested in districts who have implemented year-round curriculum show higher test scores in math, reading, and science from those students in traditional 9-month districts,” says Sam Smith, Chair of Curriculum Design at Chimi-Changa. First of all, you'll need to gather evidence and present a well-reasoned argument on a debatable issue. In a good argumentative essay, a writer attempts to persuade readers to understand and support their point of view about a topic by stating their reasoning and providing evidence to back it up. You would do research exploring the benefits of mandatory military service in the acountries that enforce it. Try to anticipate what objections your readers might have to your argument, and try to understand why they might object. To find a good topic for an argumentative essay, consider several issues and choose a few that spark at least two solid, conflicting points of view. Browse essays about Opposing Viewpoints and find inspiration. For example, in a popular (as opposed to academic or professional) essay advocating for strictly enforced leash laws in cities, you might write something like this: “While it may seem like an act of pet-friendly beneficence and trust to allow your mutt to roam free in the streets, exercising his right to sniff and bite whomever he pleases, unrestrained animals in public places ultimately pose a potential threat to the safety of pedestrians.”. Considerations when writing… The best way to counteract an opposing viewpoint is to anticipate what an opponent might say. You may have heard talk-radio hosts and opinion columnists employ this strategy. 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