Most find it appealing. The northern red oak is one of the most important oaks for timber production where high-grade red oak is of significant value as lumber … Pricing/Availability: Abundant availability in a good range of widths and thicknesses, both as flatsawn and quartersawn lumber. Northern red oak requires a site featuring good drainage in which to grow, but Shumard oak tolerates damp conditions, notes the Missouri Botanical Garden. Well known examples include northern and southern red, water, willow, laurel, cherrybark (seen in the photo above), pin, shumard, scarlet, bear, shingle, bluejack, turkey, blackjack and nuttall oak. Then in fall and winter, the 4- to 8-inch leaves turn a brilliant red or red-orange before falling to the ground. Close examination of the acorns of northern red oak and Shumard oak is necessary to discover the differences between the two. Pyramidal in youth but spreads to a broad open crown with age. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is a light to medium brown, commonly with a reddish cast. Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a coarse, uneven texture. Leaves, Stems and Fruit Leaves are simple, alternate, 4 to 8 inches long, and 3 to 6 inches wide. Both are long-lived, high quality deciduous oaks that grow faster than live oaks. Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii) Common Name(s): Shumard Oak. Native to the American Southeast and Midwest, Nuttall oak (Quercus nutallii) is quickly replacing some other oaks, such as pin oak (Q. palustris), red oak (Q. rubra), and Shumard red oak (Q. shumardii), because it combines all of their good points while lacking their weaknesses.It quickly grows into a pyramidal tree 40 to 60 feet tall with a strong central leader. Even many vinyl/imitation wood surfaces are printed to look like Red Oak. The color of the bark helps define both species. Arts & Entertainment. Acorn Differences. The Shumard oak is a tall (up to 23 m) bottomland tree with an open crown, long, clear trunk, and seven- to nine-lobed leaves. Whereas northern red oak is very “picky” as to where it grows, Shumard oak is much more tolerant of marginal sites and should be used if it is uncertain if northern red oak will tolerate the site or not. When planting on the south shore, avoid planting the Shumard oak in low damp areas. Both of these oaks have upright, oval growth habits, about 50 … Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. It is fast-growing, with an open canopy and stout spreading branches. These include bur, post, Chinquapin, Lacey, shin and Monterrey. It features traditional oak-shaped leaves that are dark green throughout most of the year. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, oak has been reported as a sensitizer. The sapwood can range from almost white to slightly brown but it rarely pink. The leaves of both oaks are deciduous, turning from green to shades of brown-red in autumn. Members of the white oak sub-family are the most resistant to oak wilt. Both Shumard and northern red oak grow to become large trees, with Shumard oak slightly smaller on average. A Strong, Classic Tree Suitable for Every Yard Why Shumard Oak Trees? John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. ... Red Oak is a ubiquitous sight in many homes. Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) is one of the largest southern red oaks. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Trunk diameters of 12 to 30 inches are common. White oak acorns mature quicker than the fruits of red oaks. Fagaceae -- Beech family. The large, stately Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) tree's primary landscape use is for shade. (See the video below.). Shumard Red Oak is native to the eastern third of Texas, except in the far south. More About this Tree Red oak acorns and white oak acorns differ in size because of the maturation rate. Both trees in the wild sometimes top 100 feet, but as cultivated trees are in the 60- to 90-foot range, according to the "National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees: Eastern Region." Leaves are alternate, simple, 6–8 inches long; with 5–9 lobes with 2–6 bristle-tipped teeth, lobes wider at their tip than at their base, notches between lobes rounded, over halfway to central vein. Most Oak trees are slow to moderate growing the Shumard Red Oak is one of the faster-growing oak trees. Subtle differences exist between the leaves of a northern red oak and the Shumard oak. It is found on rich bottomland soils, moist woods and along streams in the eastern third of Texas. Shumard Red Oak has a propensity to cross-pollinate with other trees in the Black Oak Group such as Texas Red Oak, Quercus texana buckleyi, which is native to north and central Texas. Give your family the gift of a long-standing, durable tree. Learn about their different features before deciding upon one for your property. The bark of the northern red oak is a darker gray to almost black color, with the oldest individuals possessing deep fissures and ridges. Members of the red oak sub-family are the most susceptible to oak wilt. Honestly I think Shumard oak … Anlace/Wikimedia Commons. Common Uses: Cabinetry, furniture, interior trim, flooring, and veneer. Odor: Has a tell-tale smell that is common to most oaks. These include Texas red oak, blackjack oak, Shumard oak and water oak. It is closely related to northern pin oak, Q. ellipsoidalis. Both the Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) and the northern red oak (Quercus rubra) serve as street, shade and lawn trees in landscapes large enough to accommodate their size. The Texas red oak (Q. texana), about 10 m tall, is sometimes considered a shorter variety of the Shumard oak. 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