It is both Protestant and Catholic. The bible is very important in both branches of Christianity. Northern Ireland was a Protestant state and the Catholic minority suffered a great deal of discrimination. In 1922 Ireland was partitioned. On one side of the equation were the Unionists, also known as Loyalists – the Protestants. Conflict between Protestants and Catholics in Ireland The troubles The country of Ireland, which is known for its beautiful scenery, is divided into two parts. The Protestants, on the other hand, wish to remain within the UK because they feel culturally and historically a part of this union since their ancestors emigrated from England and Scotland hundreds of years ago. This was of done because the majority in the north was Protestant and wanted to keep the bond with Britain. Conflict between Protestants and Catholics in the United States had already broken out in violence before the first potato plant wilted in Ireland. Because of their more literal approach to the Bible, Protestant do not accept doctrines such as Purgatory or practices such as Lent. Many people, even Christians believe that there are no major differences between the two faiths and wonder what all the fuss is about. The pope. They believe that they can intercede for the faithful and she can grant their prayers. Political separation of Northern Ireland from the rest of Ireland did not come until the early 20th century, when Protestants and Catholics divided into two warring camps over the issue of Irish home rule. The Protestant v Catholic conflict has defined Irish history since the 16 th century and has led to innumerable conflicts. Sanctification, satisfaction, and the purpose of purgatory. Catholics accept 49 books in the Old Testament and the Protestant bible has some 39 books. The only condition was that the six counties in the north (Ulster) were to remain in the union with Great Britain. To go to London would mean that they accept being part of the union and that they would swear loyalty to the Queen. So: closed, Catholics vs Baptists – Differences And Similarities Discussed, https://carm.org/catholic/what-is-the-difference-between-protestantism-and-catholicism. On the other side were the Nationalists, or Republicans – the Catholics. So the conflict is cultural, social and historical rather than religious. The Troubles ended in 1998, after the signing of the Good Friday Agreement. However, the majority of the Northern Irish have forefathers who emigrated from England and Scotland and these two countries have been Protestant for almost 500 years. The civil war did not change the decision. The Catholics want to be reunited with the rest of Ireland and to leave the union with England, Scotland and Wales. The Republic of Ireland is a majority Catholic country. Levy, S.R., West, T.L., Ramirez, L., and Karafantis, D.M., 2006. However, it graduated from being religious to a fight for political prominence. The wish for independence grew stronger and stronger and England had more and more difficulty in controlling the rebellious Irishmen. Catholics believe that Christ is present in the bread and wine. Its Popularity Is Both New and Old. In Ireland this decision stirred strong feelings and disagreement threw the country into a civil war. Initially, the wars were motivated by the conflict and rivalry that developed due to a change in the religious balance. These include Easter and Christmas. Catholic Bishop Francis Patrick Kenrick (1796-1863), an Irish immigrant himself, objected to Protestant teachers’ leading students in singing Protestant hymns … It is here most of the fighting has taken place. Many Irish felt that giving up the North would mean to betray that region. Both Protestant and Catholic leaders condemned the violence. While Catholics are all part of one monolithic congregation, Protestants are members of many different churches. What are the ‘Troubles’ and why are there British soldiers in Northern Ireland? Disadvantages Catholics Faced in Northern Ireland in the Mid 60’s In Northern Ireland during the 60’s Catholics faced a lot of disadvantages, in areas of Employment, Education, Housing, and Politics; there is evidence that even the Police Force was biased in favor of the Protestant community. This caused many Religious Wars and in places like Northern Ireland, there are still tensions between the two denominations. Divisions between Irish Catholics and Irish Protestants played a major role in the history of Ireland from the 16th to the 20th century, especially the Home Rule Crisis and the Troubles.While religion broadly marks the delineation of these divisions, the contentions were primarily political and related to access to power. The Troubles in Northern Ireland are often cited as evidence that Christianity leads to conflict. While the popularity of Irish whiskey is exploding lately, the first … Here we are going to help you to understand the two largest branches of the Christian faith in the world today. In the 1960s the Catholics sought equal rights’ and this led to sectarian rioting. The old enemies: Catholic and Protestant in nineteenth-century English culture. However, there are major differences between the two confessions, for example, Protestants do not accept the Pope as head of the Church. The Catholics of the northern region feel that the area is theirs and they do not accept to turn their backs on it just to avoid difficulties. There is a discussion on the long conflict between the two confessions. Overview and history. By 1600 Europe was divided between those who owed their loyalty to the Pope and those who rejected him. Protestants all accept that the bible is the only source of authority, they are ‘bibliocentric form of Christianity’ according to Introduction to Protestantism.co.uk, Catholics believe that tradition is another source of authority. In Western and Southern Europe, the Catholic Church was the only Christian Church and it was headed by the Pope, who had great spiritual and temporal power. They both believe in the concept of sin and original sin and both need to be overcome for salvation. The last census in 2011 put the Protestant population at 48%, just 3% more than Catholics at 45%. Many saw the Good Friday Peace Agreement in 1998 as a milestone for peace, since it was signed by the most important political leaders on both sides. The original conflict between the Catholics and Protestants in Ireland was not truly a matter of religion -- it was a matter of social class. It is concerned with the way that sin is removed from the individual believer so that they can be prepared for salvation and immortal life in heaven. There are 520 million Protestants mainly in Northern Europe and North America. Believers need to be members of the Church to be sanctified and unlike Catholics, most such as the Calvinists reject this view. To increase their control, they sent Protestant Englishmen and Scots to settle in this area and simply take over land from the Irish. For this reason it is incorrect to refer to members of the Church of Ireland as ‘non–Catholic’. Most people who live in the countryside do not witness the violence in any other way than TV viewers around the world. Sinn Féin is the political party in Northern Ireland which has had the closest bond to the IRA. This is seen as ending the period of Catholic and Protestant Wars argues Philpot. In Protestant Churches, synods and congregations make the decisions regarding decision-making and governance. As always, the hope for a better future lies with the children, who are not as overpowered by hatred as adults. Catholics have a Pope, which they consider a vicar for Christ — an infallible stand-in, if … Ireland – or the Republic of Ireland as it is officially named – is now a completely separate country and has no longer any formal bond to the UK. While tensions between the two have eased there appears little hope for the unification of the Christian Church. There are literally thousands of Protestant groups, while Catholics are united in a common church. Protestants believe that communion is only a commemoration of the Last Supper. Northern Ireland Conflict Summary. There will be special attention to the long history of often bloody conflict between Catholic and Protestants in Ireland. Available from https://carm.org/catholic/what-is-the-difference-between-protestantism-and-catholicism. Available from http://protestantism.co.uk/. There are many similarities between the Church headed by the Pope and Protestant denominations. Ireland was liberated, but divided in two. Both confessions believe that it is important as it allows a person to become a full member of the Church. Violence against civilians has been accepted by the IRA as a means in the fight for independence, but this has changed in recent years. The Protestant work ethic: A lay theory with dual intergroup implications. NOTE: see http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/northern_ireland/default.stm for updates on the current situation in Northern Ireland. There are some important differences between Catholicism and Protestantism about the Gospels. This party has official MPs who are legally elected for Parliament in London. Protestant groups such as the Anglicans believe that if a person loses their faith then they are not justified. Differences between Catholics and Protestants led to the 80 years war between the Dutch and Spain. When Martin Luther protested at the corruption of the Papacy, he started the Reformation, that led to the birth of Protestantism. They also both believe that marriage is a holy bond, blessed by God. The battle between Catholics and Protestants is rooted in history. The Catholic Church there faces the same challenges as in Ireland – falling attendance, financial challenges and an à la carte attitude to its teachings – but it remains engaged with society. Protestants, unlike Catholics, do not believe in the saints and the special powers of Mary, the Mother of God. Catholics and Protestants are the two most important branches of Christianity today and both groups are very influential in the world. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. After most of Ireland got its freedom from Britain, the northern part remained in union with England, Scotland and Wales. Protestant groups emerged all over Northern Europe and soon established themselves around the World. In the context of Christ… In 1922 Ireland was partitioned. The Catholic Church is headed by the Pope and has a clerical hierarchy. Some of these areas are physically divided by a wall, absurdly called the Peace Line. The Catholics want to be reunited with the rest of Ireland and to leave the union with England, Scotland and Wales. Slick, Matt (2016) What is the difference between Catholic and Protestant. In 1793, with Irish Catholics having the vote on the same terms as Irish Protestants, and with their playing a front-line role in the defence of Ireland in the event of a French invasion, it might have been assumed that the Catholic question was now over. The aforementioned poet/playwright William Butler Yeats was a prominent member of the Irish Senate in its early years and, in a 1925 speech opposing a law banning divorce (quoted above in part) vociferously defended the dignity of his fellow Anglo-Irish Protestants after southern Ireland achieved Home Rule and a Catholic majority came to power. Maybe you think it is not that important. Therefore, communication has broken down several times, but they have continued their cooperation and the fact that both sides actually keep a dialogue instead of killing each other is a positive sign. Philpott, D., 2000. Northern Ireland is a Protestant-majority region within the UK with a large minority who profess to be members of the Church of Rome. Another one of the similarities between the two is the belief in baptism. It means in the Catholic Church receiving the grace of God and sharing in the divine life. Faith and Philosophy, 26(2), 167-185. Religious teachings are not an issue between the Catholics and Protestants. The soldiers’ presence in Northern Ireland is extremely provoking to the Catholic side. Both groups are Christians and they believe in one God, who made heaven and earth. McNulty: “That’s Protestant whiskey.” – The Wire. The Catholic Church launched the Counter-Reformation, this was a series of reforms that aimed to halt the growth of Protestantism. But Ireland’s story is not divided between Catholic and Protestant with nothing in between, says Thomas. This organization has existed since 1919 and is said to be responsible for the deaths of more than 1,700 people between 1969 and 1993. The saints play a big part in the spiritual life of many Catholics. There are Catholics who accept the universal jurisdiction of the Pope, the Bishop of Rome. We will help you to understand these, with specific references to how they interpret the bible and their different practices. The conflict is primarily a social and cultural one. They are both very much concerned with the salvation of the individual. The majority on both sides are tired of all the violence and the personal losses caused by it. Why do not the Catholics move south to Ireland? Protestants and Catholics stress the importance of living a life like Christ. Northern Ireland, on the other hand, is still a part of the UK (the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland), together with England, Scotland and Wales. Among the main ones are the Anglican (Episcopalian), Baptists, Lutherans, Calvinists, and Pentecostals. Have you ever wondered what the differences between Catholics and Protestants? Protestants typically have a more literal approach to the bible. They were mostly of British descent and wanted Northern Ireland to remain part of Britain. In 1801, the Act of Union made Ireland a part of the United Kingdom. On the other hand the Protestants have represented the oppressive British side consisting of the privileged classes in society with better jobs, brighter opportunities, and better wages. Moreover, they only accept the bible as the sole authority in religious matters, while Catholics also respect tradition. Catholics and Protestant do not accept all the books of the Old Testament. Catholics have a special place for Mary the mother of Jesus Christ. Many people in Northern Ireland are descendants of the original population of this region and are also Catholics. The Troubles, also called Northern Ireland conflict, violent sectarian conflict from about 1968 to 1998 in Northern Ireland between the overwhelmingly Protestant unionists (loyalists), who desired the province to remain part of the United Kingdom, and the overwhelmingly Roman Catholic nationalists (republicans), who wanted Northern Ireland to become part of the republic of Ireland. The sectarian violence resulted in the terrorist campaign of the IRA and Loyalist Paramilitaries. The Treaty of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years War. This immigration proved very effective and by 1703, less than five per cent of the land of Ulster was still in the hands of the Catholic Irish. The biggest obstacle was that the majority of people in this region did not want to be liberated; they were Protestants and were happy as citizens of the United Kingdom. How do people in Northern Ireland react to the use of violence? They include areas such as church, organization, theology and practices. The divide between the Protestant and Catholic communities grew wider during the Troubles in Northern Ireland, especially in counties near the border. The Peace Agreement and the optimism it created was soon followed by the worst terrorist action in the history of Northern Ireland. Introduction to Protestantism (2016) Introduction to Protestantism: Examining the Protestant faith. The Church headed by the Pope sees itself as the Universal Church, unlike the Protestant denominations. Throughout history the Protestant congregations have divided many times. What is the difference between Ireland and Northern Ireland? Most Protestant Churches only hold that there are two, baptism and Holy Communion. The two also agree that there are a heaven and a hell. They believe that every believer can be saved but they must live a good life and have faith. The widely-accepted Irish-American version is that Jameson is Catholic whiskey and Bushmills is Protestant whiskey. The division between Catholic and Protestant changed European history and led to a series of bloody religious wars, especially in the 16th and 17th. These are baptism, confirmation, communion, matrimony, penance, holy orders and extreme unction (last rites). However, they have refused to take their seats there as a protest against British political and military presence in Northern Ireland. Another difference between Catholics and Protestants is with regard to communion. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/northern_ireland/default.stm, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/recent/troubles/, http://www.guardian.co.uk/Northern_Ireland/flash/0,6189,344683,00.html, Find out more about Parliament and British politics. Those who live a good Christian life get to heaven, while those who have committed mortal sins are sent to hell by God. But that’s merely based on geography: Bushmills is from Northern Ireland (a predominantly Protestant region) and Jameson is from Cork – Catholic country. Here are some of the main differences that you need to remember. Belfast and Londonderry are cities with many Catholics and Protestants. Historically, the Catholics have been poor, oppressed and often unemployed. They are mostly found in southern Europe, Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Both branches of Christianity believe in heaven and hell. About 93% of the Northern Irish population identifies as Christian, 1% is non-Christian and 6% is not religious. They were not successful. The Protestants, on the other hand, wish to remain within the UK because they feel culturally and historically a part of this union since their ancestors emigrated from England and … Justification is crucial for salvation in all forms of Christianity. They believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God and that he died for their sins. Often in consequence they are called Roman Catholics. The referendum following this showed that approximately 3 out of 4 said 'yes' to the agreement. They do not believe in different gods. By following the rules of the Church, by doing good works a believer can become sanctified. In Catholicism only consecrated men can become priests who can celebrate the sacraments. Northern Ireland was a Protestant state and the Catholic minority suffered a great deal of discrimination. The principle of Justification is the biggest doctrinal difference between Catholicism and Protestantism. They are both small cities and to compare them to Norway, even the capital Belfast is smaller than Oslo. Jameson hails from Catholic-rich County Cork, whereas Bushmills originates from Protestant-heavy Northern Ireland. They typically recognize other Protestant Churches as equal and also hold that salvation is possible for those who belong to other denominations, according to the Southern Seminary. The first wars of religion broke out in Germany in the 1550s. The dogmas crafted by the Protestants are the gist root cause of the theological differences between the Protestants and Catholics giving rise t… Before the Troubles, Orange picnics were enjoyed by the whole community, rather than exclusively Protestants. On 15 August 1998, terror struck in the quiet village of Omagh. In this article, we discuss the background to the Catholic and Protestant divisions and its history. 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