Central African Republic. SUBSCRIBE TO UNLOCK THIS CONTENTYou are currently only seeing 1% of the 10,000-plus pieces of expert insights and analyses available with a TRAC subscription. The rebel group is led by a self-proclaimed general, Sidiki Abass. HRW has documented 17 civilians who were killed during or just after the attack. While TRAC attempts to ensure the accuracy of its TRAC database, the entries in the database are from numerous different sources. BANGUI, CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC - More than 30 people were killed and many more wounded when an armed group attacked villages in northwestern Central African Republic on … The group announced itself at the end of 2015, and since then has been involved in attacks on UN peacekeepers and communities, primarily in the north west region of the Central African Republic (CAR). HRW adds that United Nations peacekeepers of the MINUSCA mission, which has 12,870 soldiers in the country, including about 100 combat-ready soldiers in Bocaranga and 100 in De Gaulle, are unable fully to protect civilians. The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) repulsed an attack against the civilian population in Bocaranga (Ouham–Pende) by the units of ‘Retour, Réclamation et Réhabilitation’ (3R), in the early hours of Saturday, September 23rd, 2017. This article was first published Witnesses described how 3R rebels shot and killed civilians, raped women and girls, and pillaged and burned villages. As a courtesy to private researchers, TRAC offers a discounted rate to individuals who are subscribing from a personal email address and paying with a personal credit/debit card. Some groups that originally engaged in violence but have since become legitimate political parties are included to provide historical perspective. Paulin Timondokomi, a parliamentarian and General Rapporteur of the Ngaoundaye sub … [25] In the preceding Central African Republic Bush War (2004–2007), the government of President François Bozizé fought with rebels until a peace agreement in 2007. The Retour, Réclamation et Réhabilitation (3R) rebel movement in the Central African Republic continues to block the electoral registration process in the Ngaoundaye council area situated in the Ouham-Pende district with four weeks remaining to bring the window to a close. TRAC fully supports academic institutions and provides subscriptions on a reduced rate based on FTE. TRAC is a subscription-based service. Fighters from the armed group Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation, or 3R, killed at least 46 civilians on May 21, 2019, in three attacks in Ouham Pendé province in the Central African Republic. The armed group currently controls a sub-prefecture on the Cameroonian border and HRW is concerned that the group may seek to increase its hold on territory. MINUSCA forces, who were patrolling in the city at the time of the attack, on December 20, 2016, ongoing violence in the centre of the CAR, United Nations peacekeepers of the MINUSCA mission. July 26, 2020. The Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation (3R) is a rebel group claiming to protect the Peuhl community from attacks by Anti-Balaka militia. My two younger children were right beside me, crying. 2 May: 3R seized control of Niem in Koui sub-prefecture; 9 May: UPC repelled Anti-Balaka attack on Alindao HRW estimates the number of 3R's victims was "probably higher", but is so far unable to confirm this due to limited access and security risks. Souleman himself has also participated in torture. Central Africa holds three days’ mourning over massacre Published May 23, 2019 The leader of the Central African Republic proclaimed three days of mourning … Another MINUSCA operation, launched in the north-west during June with the Central African armed forces, sought to halt violence perpetrated by the Retour, Réclamation, Réhabilitation (3R) armed group, which had suspended its participation in the peace agreement. Their recent statements reaffirm their commitment to peace during this turbulent period. According to Human Rights Watch the rebel group succeeded in gaining some control of areas that borders Cameroon, has committed large-scale atrocities and attacks resulting in displacing 17 000 people. TRAC is a unique, comprehensive resource for the study of political violence of all kinds. If you choose to subscribe at the end of the trial, the trial cost will be deducted from the price of your subscription. The UN mission in Central African Republic blames deadly attack on the 3R armed group and its leader Abass Sidiki. CAR rebel ambush kills UN peacekeeper; two injured. In August and September, two rebel leaders, Mahamat al-Khatim, head of the Patriotic Movement for the Central African Republic (MPC), and 3R commander, Sidiki Abass, resigned from their government positions. HRW claims the group has committed large-scale atrocities, displacing some 17,000 people. Multiple users within govermental/military, corporate, and media, as well as colleges and universities, receive pro-rated subscription discounts based on the number of users. Separatist / New Regime Nationalist / Ethnic Nationalist, Torture, Murder and Beheadings as a Terrorist Tactic. Newly formed 3R rebel group inflicts horrors in CAR: UN UN says new rebel group known as 3R is responsible for rapes and mass displacements in … IBTimes UK was unable to reach Abass for comment at the time of writing. The government of the Central Africa Republic has called upon the leader of the 3R armed group to bring to justice the members responsible for the massacre in Paoua. Recalling how 3R fighters broke into her home, the young woman explained: One said, 'Where is your husband?' 3R denied they have committed any abuses, including unlawful killings or rapes. YOU MUST HAVE A SUBSCRIPTION TO ACCESS THE REST OF THIS CONTENT. The anti-balaka, under the command of their own self-proclaimed general, Abbas Rafal, have been accused of killing Peul civilians and fighters in the region. I said that he was not there (...) One of them cocked his gun and pointed it at me and said, 'We are going to have sex with you.' Hence, TRAC cannot and does not warrant the accuracy of the entries in its database. The Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation (3R) is a rebel group claiming to protect the Peuhl community from attacks by Anti-Balaka militia. The Central African Republic (CAR) is making progress as it prepares for presidential and legislative elections in December, but the political situation is still fragile - and security conditions volatile - amidst the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, UN peacekeeping chief Jean-Pierre Lacroix said on Monday. The 3R insurgent group was created in 2015 to protect the Fulani community, a minority in the region, against attacks by anti-Balaka militias, one of the two main armed groups in the country. 3R in March 2020 announced its withdrawal from the Feb 2019 Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation (PAPR) that officially ended the civil war in the Central African Republic. The conflict initially pitted Séléka rebel forces against an array of domestic and foreign intervening The first round of presidential elections is scheduled for 27 December, as are legislative and local elections, with a possible second round of presidential elections in February 2021. Central African Republic: Minusca operation against the armed group 3R - RFI 2019-09-27T21:07:28.385Z The Minusca is conducting an operation in the northwest of the country began Thursday against one of the signatory parties to the peace agreement, the 3Rs. In an interview with TNH, a PRNC official, Azor Zhalit, described the peace deal as a profit-making exercise for rebel leaders who “only want [government] ministries”. 19 April: Uganda announced that it would begin withdrawing forces from the Central African Republic where it has been trying to hunt down Joseph Kony in the country for 9 years. Theater of OperationsLeadersOn 24 March 2019, a presidential decree named the armed groups leaders Ali Darassa, leader of the Union for Peace in the Central African Republic (Unité pour la paix en Centrafrique, UPC), Mahamat Al Khatim, leader of the Central African Patriotic Movement…. You can try TRAC for 7 days with this trial. Souleman leads the Central African Republic (CAR)-based militia group Retour, Reclamation, Rehabilitation (3R) which has killed, tortured, raped, and displaced civilians and engaged in arms trafficking, illegal taxation activities, and warfare with other militias since its creation in 2015. A key militia in the Central African Republic has said it is suspending its participation in a peace agreement signed by the government and rebel groups last … More than 26 people were killed on Tuesday and many were wounded when an armed group attacked two villages in northwestern Central African Republic… For years, a war has been raging in the Central African Republic. A human rights body has warned of the emergence of a new rebel group in the conflict-ridden Central African Republic (CAR). Non-state armed groups in the Central African Republic 5 INTRODUCTION Longstanding civil conflict in north-eastern Central African Republic (CAR) has, since early 2012, developed into a country-wide crisis. The FDPC and 3R are both signatories to the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation (APPR) that officially ended the civil war in the Central African Republic on February 6, 2019. The leader of rebels in Central African Republic pledged to name a power-sharing government in a bid to defuse international criticism of a coup … Under the command of a self-proclaimed general, Sidiki Abass, the group arrived in the country's northwest in November 2015 and held meetings in several villages around Koui. Please write [email protected] or hit the "SUBMIT ADDITIONS" button on the page of the group profile about which you wish to comment. The Central African Republic conflict is an ongoing civil war in the Central African Republic (CAR) involving the government, rebels from the Séléka coalition, and anti-balaka militias. Less than six months later, however, 3R members were allegedly committing attacks on villages in the Koui sub-prefecture in retaliation for anti-balaka activity. Many are still missing. The briefers are likely to take stock of the political and security situations in the Central African Republic (CAR), especially in the context of upcoming elections. People monitoring sexual violence in the area, who did not want to be identified due to security concerns, said they received reports of rapes of 23 women and girls by 3R fighters during and after the De Gaulle attack. MINUSCA forces, who were patrolling in the city at the time of the With most eyes on the ongoing violence in the centre of the CAR, particularly in Kaga-Bandoro, Bria and Bambari, Human Rights Watch (HRW) says minimal attention has been paid to a recently formed armed group called Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation, or 3R. "The Central African Republic is on the international agenda, but its neglected northwest territory now presents an emerging crisis," said Lewis Mudge, Africa researcher at HRW. "The 3R armed group, which originally portrayed itself as a protector of the Peul people, has used its increased strength to expand abusive attacks.". Between 21 and 27 November, the campaign group said at least 50 civilians were killed in the Bocaranga and Koui sub-prefectures in Ouham Pendé province. TRAC is in no way attempting to determine whether groups or individuals are terrorists -- only to convey reported information about their activities and official State status. Communities accused of supporting anti-Balaka activities are targeted. Groups and individuals included in TRAC's database range from actual perpetrators of social or political violence to more passive groups that support or condone (perhaps unwittingly) such violence. Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation (3R) - Central African Republic (CAR), also known as 3R is an active group formed c. 2015. The Central African Republic has been in crisis since late 2012, when mostly Muslim Seleka rebels began a military campaign against the government of former President François Bozizé. Copyright © 2020 TRAC - All rights reserved. They claimed 3R's aim was to ensure the protection of the Peul community from attacks by anti-balaka militia, one of the two warring groups in the country's bloody sectarian violence. Washington said it supports the agreement meant to keep peace in the central African nation. Another was waiting for his turn, but there was shooting outside while the first one was finishing, so when he was done they both left. The spectrum of violence represented by these groups is vast, from Jihadists who bomb train stations to financial institutions that transfer funds. For multiple users rates contact TRAC. Earlier, in September, the group is alleged to have carried out attacks on the town of De Gaulle – the sub-prefecture capital, with a population of 20,000 - and other villages in the area. A vehicle captured from the 3R militia is seen in Bouar, Central African Republic, on September 25. 0. Signup for our mailing list to receive a free incident report from TRAC. The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) repulsed an attack against the civilian population in Bocaranga (Ouham–Pende) by the units of ‘Retour, Réclamation et Réhabilitation’ (3R), in the early hours of Saturday, September 23rd, 2017. You are currently only seeing 1% of the 10,000-plus pieces of expert insights and analyses available with a TRAC subscription. "The Central African Republic is on the international agenda, but its neglected northwest territory now presents an emerging crisis," said Lewis Mudge, Africa researcher at HRW. Following negotiations in Addis Ababa in March, Sidiki Abass (also known as Bi Sidi Souleymane), leader of Retour Réconciliation Réhabilitation … The group announced itself at the end of 2015, and since then has been involved in attacks on UN peacekeepers and communities, primarily in the north west region of the Central African Republic (CAR). 0. 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